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"Moscow has been negotiating to sell the S-400 long-range surface-to-air missiles to India for months".

"It is a public law [CAATSA]".

The agreements to be signed are likely to boost cooperation in keys sectors such as defence, space, trade, energy and tourism, among others. The Modi government hopes the Trump administration will not disrupt burgeoning defence ties with the world's biggest arm importer by levying sanctions the U.S. Congress has sought.

As India and Russian Federation prepare to sign a deal for S-400 missile defence + system on Friday, New Delhi is playing the greatest balancing act of all - its defence needs and a strategic relationship with Russian Federation with sanctions and a growing strategic relationship with US. That is a condition for a waiver on CAATSA, a provision written into the otherwise inflexible law by sustained diplomacy by the Trump administration.

Several U.S. officials have called the S-400, which several U.S. allies too are in the process of acquiring, a "significant transaction".

Late last month, the Trump administration imposed sanctions under Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act or CAATSA, which was signed into law last August, on China for purchasing fighter jets and missile defence system from Russian Federation. "The waiver is narrow, meant to wean countries off Russian equipment and allow for things such as spare parts for previously-purchased equipment", the official said.

Indian Air Force Chief Birender Singh Dhanoa said Wednesday that the S-400, and the 36 Rafale fighter jets purchased from France - a 2016 deal mired in political controversy - represent a "booster dose" for the country.

India has already given indications that it will go ahead with the deal notwithstanding the United States sanctions. China has also perturbed India by loaning vast amounts of money to countries such as Sri Lanka where it has long held sway. He and Prime Minister Narendra Modi are expected to also discuss the possibility of a second Russian-built nuclear power plant. The following air defence system by Russian Federation is expected to transform the strategic balance ins subcontinent.

But Russia remains India's main arms supplier, and a string of new deals with the Asian giant would be a major win for Moscow - and a big snub to the US. Quick delivery of S-400 is considered critical as China will receive them by the year end and would be in a position to fully exploit the system with the delivery of all necessary missiles by 2020. It was also made known to the USA principal advisor to President Trump that oil prices in India will shoot up if New Delhi totally stopped crude import from Tehran without any adequate compensation.

Sources had earlier said Modi and Putin would also deliberate on impact of U.S. sanctions on import of crude oil from Iran. Russian Federation is also opposed to India' Indo-Pacific policy, and has unequivocally opposed it, preferring to describe the region as Asia-Pacific, because of its's anti-China connotations.