The rest of the session was a case of damage limitations for the tourists with India heading back to the pavilion on 63 for three - captain Virat Kohli on nine not out and Ajinkya Rahane unbeaten on eight. The contest between "the master with the bowl" James Anderson and "champion with the bat" Virat had been awaited and built up for four years.
Kohli moved onto his highest score in England, 53, but was riding his luck after being dropped at first slip and edging three times short of fielders behind the wicket.
The India captain reminded everyone why he, when on song, is the best batsman in the world.
He had moved to 51 when Malan failed to hold on to a sharper chance from Stokes. Taking advantage of dropped opportunities, Virat Kohli scored his first ever century in England.
Sharma continues. Broad is the batsman.
Cook fell to a wonderful piece of bowling by Ravi Ashwin, India's only spinner here but brought into the attack for just the seventh over.
Root tried to steal a second run off Ravichandran Ashwin but Kohli ran quickly, picked up the ball and threw it in one swift motion to knock down the stumps with a direct hit.
Former England captain Michael Vaughan told BBC Test Match Special: "Alastair Cook will be gutted to get out, but the man whose head will be down in England's dressing room is Dawid Malan". "It's a five-match series and Virat has got off to a flyer with 149 and great players once they get into rhythm, once they get into form and once they get into confidence, they are very hard to stop".
Kohli was on 97 when No 11 Umesh Yadav came in but the tailender kept his wicket intact.
A son of the late Zimbabwe all-rounder Kevin Curran and brother of England paceman Tom, he added it had been an education to bowl to Kohli.
After the Indian openers chalked up a half century partnership, the visitors were rocked by three swift strikes by the 20-year-old Curran who is playing in his only second test. From a position of relative strength at 216 for 3, England lost their next six wickets for 69 to reach the close on a dicey 285 for 9.
Stokes, introduced after lunch, showed why he is such an important part of this England side with an aggressive spell.
It looked as if the day might belong to Surrey left-arm swing bowler Sam Curran.