Roth identified himself as an American writer, not a Jewish one.
He concluded: "I did the best I could with what I had".
Roth became the first novelist to win three PEN/Faulkner awards after the publication of Everyman in 2006, and in 2011 he won the Man Booker International Prize after the publication of his 2010 novel Nemesis.
In 2017, he published 'Why Write?,' a collection of essays and non-fiction works written between 1960 and 2013. Roth was known for work that was amusing, often gross, and deeply connected to his Jewish roots. The book featured several notorious masturbation scenes and a narrator who declared he wanted to "put the id back in yid".
Through the years, Philip Roth has won wide acclaim for his novels - but had a rockier time seeing his work adapted by Hollywood.
"The death of Philip Roth marks, in its way, the end of a cultural era as definitively as the death of Pablo Picasso did in 1973", he wrote.
"It's not a question that interests me".
He was well known for writing about his Jewish upbringing as well as American ideas, the human body and personal identity. His book "When She Was Good" is said to be based in part of his life with Williams, who he said tricked into marriage by pretending she was pregnant.
In addition to winning almost every literary award for writers in English, Roth was also embraced by the Jewish community over his long career.
Born in Newark, New Jersey - a state that would appear often as a setting in his fiction - Roth grew up in a Jewish, middle-class family and attended Rutgers University before transferring to Bucknell University and a stint in the U.S. Army. He dropped out of the doctoral program in 1959 to write film reviews for the New Republic before "Goodbye, Columbus" came out.
Roth went on to teach at University of Iowa, Princeton University and the University of Pennsylvania. He retired from teaching in 1992 as a distinguished professor of literature at New York's Hunter College.
In correspondence with The New Yorker a year ago, Roth drew parallels between Trump and aviator Charles Lindbergh, who features prominently in Roth's novel The Plot Against America as an isolationist president during the 1940s.
Roth was married twice, first to Margaret Martinson Williams, from whom he divorced in 1963, and then to stage actress Claire Bloom. A year later, she published a bruising memoir, 'Leaving a Doll's House, ' in which she portrayed him as depressed, remote, self-centered and verbally abusive.
During his career Mr. Roth wrote more than 30 books, according to his publisher, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Roth initially didn't set his sight on being an author.
The novel's alternative American history, which imagines Franklin D. Roosevelt being defeated in 1940 by Charles Lindbergh, an aviator with pro-Nazi leanings, led some left-wing critics to draw comparisons with Mr Trump's populist sweep to power.