Haley said Iran is violating United Nations sanctions.
Trump announced a new strategy to address the totality of Iranian threats and malign activities: "nuclear; ballistic missile development and proliferation; counter-maritime operations; cyber; and support to terrorism and unconventional warfare", said Laura Seal, a Defence Department spokesperson.
"The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia welcomes the United Nations report that asserted that the hostile Iranian intervention and its support for the terrorist Houthi militia with advanced and risky missile capabilities threatens the security and stability of the kingdom and the region", SPA said.
US officials have long accused Iran of supporting Houthi rebels in Yemen, which has been embroiled in civil war since 2015.
She said this particular missile had been manufactured in Iran, delivered to Yemen, and later fired at a commercial airport in Saudi Arabia. Its ballistic missiles and advanced weapons are turning up in war zones across the region.
SPA said the evidence, which emerged after the Houthis fired a missile towards the capital Riyadh last month, was proof of violations of UN Security Council Resolutions 2216 and 2231 on Yemen, and 1559 and 1701, which relate to Lebanon.
U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley will present what she says is "irrefutable evidence" that Iran has violated its global obligations at a press conference on December 14, the U.S. mission at the UN said.
"This evidence demonstrates a pattern of behaviour in which Iran sows conflict and extremism", Ms Haley said, flanked by an array of mangled missile parts, a broken-up drone and other weaponry recovered by Persian Gulf allies of the United States.
The Trump administration has taken a hard line against Iran, including refusing to certify to Congress in October that Tehran is in compliance with the landmark 2015 nuclear deal.
The Iranian government has denied the allegations.
"Today's revelations proved yet again that Iran's unsafe presence in the Middle East is only growing despite their attempts to deceive the world", Danny Danon said in a statement.
The President has called the deal "one of the worst" and "the most one-sided transaction the United States has ever entered into", and he reiterated his sentiments when he announced the USA would not certify the deal yet - he said the "rogue regime" of Iran is only perpetuating terrorism around the world, and is becoming more aggressive in doing so.
President Trump said in October that the USA will not certify the Iran nuclear deal, and it is now up to Congress to address the deal's "serious flaws" in order to protect the American people from any threats of nuclear weapons. Though it's not at all clear Iran has anywhere near that sort of relationship with the Houthis, a single missile hardly seems earth-shattering.
"When you see the evidence, it is absolutely indisputable", Haley said.